Corals are marine invertebrates. They live only in colonies and form reefs along the coasts situated between 30° north and 30° south latitude. The largest coral colony in the world - The Great Barrier Reef, is located along the coast of Queensland, Australia, in the northeast of the smallest continent. This reef stretches for about 2,600 km, reaching almost the coast of New Guinea to the north.
This unique underwater jungle of Australia is made up of over 3,000 reefs and about 900 islands. To the north, the distance between the Great Barrier Reef and the Continent is only 30 km, and to the south it reaches 250 km.
• Coral reef along the coast of Queensland, Australia
• Largest Coast Cities - Cairns, Townsville, Macquay, Gladstone
The Great Barrier Reef, which is a protected area, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The islands, such as Hinkinbrook, enjoy special attention because they are declared natural parks. Tourist huts have been built on many islands, and some have camping sites. The colorful underwater world of the Great Barrier Reef is no doubt one of Australia's biggest tourist attractions.
- Area: 344,400 km
- Length: 2,600 km
- Average depth: 50 m